National Identity

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean and is known for its fossil-fuel wealth.

The main islands Trinidad and Tobago and its numerous smaller islands are situated 81 miles south of Grenada and 6.8 miles off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, and Venezuela to the south and west.

From its early inhabitants the Amerindian people, then becoming a colony in the Spanish Empire, after the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498. After which the island was surrendered to the British in 1797.

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Our National Flag was adopted upon independence from the United Kingdom on 31st August 1962. There are many rules regarding how, when, and where the flag should be displayed.

The Coat of Arms of Trinidad and Tobago was designed in 1962, it incorporates important historical and indigenous elements of our nation.

The words of the National Anthem reflect the nature and the strength of the people of Trinidad and Tobago and our courage as one nation working towards living in unity despite our diversity. it was written by Patrick S. Castagne in 1962.

The single Chaconia flower is used as the official National Flower, and the Double Chaconia is displayed on the 25 cent coin.

The Pledge and National song were written by Marjorie Padmore, it was composed for school children and is recited on mornings in school and on special occasions.

The Scarlet Ibis and Cocorico are the National Birds of Trinidad and Tobago, they are both protected by law.

The Pitch Lake is approximately 100 acres at its surface and 250 feet deep and was formed w2hen rising oil combined with clay and water create pitch or tar.

The discovery of oil in Trinidad and Tobago has led to the development of the nation.

The steelpan was invented in Trinidad and Tobago is widely regarded as the only major musical instrument to be invented in the20th Century.